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What is domain name and how it works?

Whenever you have searched any website, then you must have come across the domain name. This thing must have come in your mind that what is the relation between any website and domain name. So let me tell you that with the help of Domain Name, we can search the website in the Internet. We can say that this is a friendly naming system by which we can give the address of any Web Pages and Web Servers.

I know that you people will also have some information about what is a domain, that’s why I thought that why should I give you complete information about the domain name today so that you people should not have any other doubts. So what is the delay, let’s start and know what this domain name is called and how it works.

What is Domain?

Domain Name or DNS (Domain Naming System) is such a naming system by which we can identify a website in the Internet. Talking about any website, all are connected to some IP address in the background. IP Address (Internet Protocol Address) This is a numerical address that tells the browser where that website is located on the Internet.

In simple language, we humans remember only easy things, in the same way all websites also have a name, so now you can think that Domain Name is the easy name that we can remember about any IP address. Compete. This is a human readable version of the IP address.

With the help of Domain Name, we can find one or more IP Address. For example, the domain name refers to hundreds of IPs. Domain Name is also used in URLs to search a particular webpage.

How does Domain Name works?

I want to tell you that all the websites are hosted or stored in a server. And the domain name is pointed to the IP of that server.

Whenever you add the name of a website to your URL bar, only then it points to the IP of your server with the help of your domain name, so that you can see your searched website in your browser. Similarly, you are able to see the website.

Types of Domain

If seen, there are many types of domain names, but today I will tell you about all those types which are very important. So that whenever you choose a domain name, you will have great ease in choosing it.

1.TLD – Top Level Domains

Top Level Domains (TLD) are also known as Internet Domain Extension. This is the last part where the domain name ends. The part after the dot. It was first developed. With the help of this domain, you can easily rank your website. It is very SEO friendly. And Google Search Engine also gives more importance to it.

Example of TLD Extension from which anyone can buy.

  • .com (commercial)
  • .org (organization)
  • .net (network)
  • gov(government)
  • .edu(education)
  • .name (name)
  • .biz (business)
  • .info (information)

Example :,,

2. CcTLD – Country Code Top Level Domains

This type of domain is generally used keeping a particular country in view. It is named on the basis of Two Letter ISO Code of any country. For example, some important domain extensions have been given.

  • .us: United States
  • .in: India
  • .ch: Switzerland
  • .cn: China
  • .ru: Russia
  • .br: Brazil

What is Subdomain Name?

You must have come to know what a domain is, but subdomain is a part of your main domain name. The subdomain is not bought. If you have bought any Top Level Domains Name, then you can divide it into Subdomain Names. Like is my TLD Name and I can Divide it in and It is absolutely free, for this you do not have to pay any charge.

Although there are other types of Domain Names, but usually we do not use them to create a Blog/Website.

Note: All American Servers use three-letter top level domains (e.g. “.com”, “.edu”). But other countries use only two letters or combinations of two letters apart from America. (e.g “.au”, “.ca”, “”).

If we talk technically, then the domain name is a small part of the big internet address which is called “URL”. In the URL we can find many things as compared to the domain name such as specific page address, folder name, machine name, and protocol language.

Example :

Top Domain Name Provider List

If you want to create a website for yourself or your business, then you can buy a domain name yourself, but for that you have to buy a new and unique domain name by registering an account with a domain name from a good domain name service provider. Below I have given a list of some top Domain Providers for your convenience. You can choose any of these.

  • Bigrock
  • GoDaddy
  • Namecheap
  • 1and1
  • In
  • Znetlive
  • EWeb Guru
  • IPage
  • Hostinger
  • Hostgator

Note: ICANN (The Internet Corporation For Assigned Names And Numbers) is an organization that authorizes these Domain Providers to sell Domain Names.

How to make Domain Name?

1. Always choose Short Domain Name which is easy to remember.

2. Keep a domain name that is easy to remember, type and speak.

3. The domain name should not be similar to any other and should be unique enough so that you can easily brand it.

4. Do not keep special characters such as hyphens and numbers in this name as much as possible.

5. Always try to take Top Level Domains so that everyone in the whole world recognizes it.

6. Your domain name should be related to or similar to your business or business profile, this will make it easier for you to build a brand.

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